FOR A STRATEGIC ASSOCIATION FOR THE XXI CENTURY
President Barack Obama and President OllantaHumala reaffirmed yesterday their desire to strengthen the relationship between the United States and Peru by deepening the links regarding economic prosperity and social inclusion, education, science and technology, and safety of citizens. The two leaders decided to continue working together in a diversified cooperative agenda to stimulate our relationship and to ensure that it continues to be strong and relevant to the challenges and objectives of the XXI century.
Both presidents recognized the historical relationship between the two nations and reaffirmed their intention to strengthen and deepen based on common principles and values, such as democracy, human rights, open markets and the rule of law.
Both leaders acknowledged that Peru and the United States are working to strengthen a strategic partnership for the XXI century that contributes to improving the safety, prosperity and development in the hemisphere.
Also, they enjoyed the closest relations at state and local levels aimed at increasing mutual cooperation opportunities.
ECONOMIC PROSPERITY AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION
An element that supports our relationship to economic success is the successful implementation of the Agreement on Trade Promotion between the United States and Peru (TPA) which allowed generation of approximately 16,000 millions of dollars from bilateral trade in 2012 and helped to create new jobs in both countries. The two presidents highlighted that four years after the entry into force of the Agreement, the United States and Peru have managed to facilitate trade between their companies, to further diversify the business relationship between them and continue to work together to protect the environment. They stressed again the importance of keeping a permanent dialogue on concrete proposals in order to deepen the commercial relationship. The two Presidents reviewed the negotiations for the Agreement of Transpacific Association, noting the progress in the seventeenth round of negotiations held in Peru in May, this year, and reaffirmed their willingness to conclude the negotiations this year.
Both Presidents discussed the importance of profiting from economic prosperity in order to reduce poverty and inequality. In this context, the leaders stressed the importance of public-private associations and expressed the belief that steady economic growth is undeniable.
United States welcomed Peru in the Network of Small American Companies in which the United States will support the establishment of centers of development of small business in Peru to provide training and other services creators of jobs for the benefit of small businessmen and entrepreneurs.
They addressed the way by which trade and investment initiatives can help the economic growth and facilitate poverty reduction. With the objective of promoting growth and creating jobs in small and medium companies, both Heads of State have subscribed aMemorandum of Understanding to promote micro, small and medium companies. President Humala praised the support provided by the United States to establish centers for small business development in Peru, which will provide training and other services generating jobs for the benefit of small businessmen and entrepreneurs.
The two leaders also stressed joint efforts to expand Internet connectivity in rural areas of Peru, using science and technology to accelerate development and support provided to 1,000 small and medium businesses run by women entrepreneurs in initiatives they are currently performing “Change for Integration” and “Female entrepreneurs in America.” As founding members of the initiative “Association for a Fair Future”, Peru and the United States have accepted the responsibility to expand opportunities for women and girls and to promote gender equality in political, economic and social sectors.
The leaders reaffirmed their desire to foster balanced growth, even constant, and create jobs; to promote productive investment, to reform and enforce the international financial architecture; and improve multilateral trade. They have shown their support for the New OMC Ministerial Conference, to be held in Bali, Indonesia, in December this year.
The presidents also emphasized the importance the “Pacific Alliance” has, one of the most innovative regional integration initiatives, and indicated their favorable prospects for deepening their commercial freedom and increasing cooperation between its members.
The two presidents spoke about education as an increasingly important strategic priority for both countries, with special attention in the field of science, technology, innovation and competitiveness. Recognizing the benefits it brings to both countries, contact between Americans and Peruvians, United States and Peru have launched a mechanism for Dialogue on Education Policies in order to further facilitate the exchange of information and best practices and to promote linkages between Obama’s initiative, “A force of those 100,000 in America” as well as initiatives such as Peruvian scholarships “Scholarship 18″ and ” Scholarship President of the Republic”. Also, both presidents have considered joint efforts to provide high quality training and qualification in English for Peruvians teachers and students.
Both Heads of State recognized the importance of cultural heritage for their respective nations and ratified the willingness to further strengthen bilateral cooperation in order to prevent illegal trafficking of goods belonging to the cultural heritage and to return them to their countries of origin under bilateral and multilateral agreements that include both countries.
SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENT
The two countries decided to work together to face the impact of global climate change. Both leaders have been happy to sign a Memorandum of Understanding that sets out measures to improve the capacity of Peru to design and implement a Low Emission Development Strategy. Design and implementation of the strategy will allow the United States and Peru to work together to reduce the largest emitter of greenhouse gases in Peru.
Both countries also intend to promote clean energy and energy security throughout Peru under the omens of” America’sEnergy & Climate Alliance”and the initiative “Connecting America 2022″. President Obama and President Humala have committed to work together for a successful outcome of the international negotiations on climate change. This cooperation includes the continuation of joint work to build a new international climate regime that is ambitious, effective and able to allow the participation of all parties.
They welcomed the enhanced and deeper cooperation between two nations about the scientific and technological things related to the environment, including actions of cooperation, today ongoing, and exchange of experts between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States and the Sea Institute in Peru, in maritime field, as well as establishing a future framework agreement between both institutions.
IMPROVEMENT OF CITIZENS’ SAFETY
The two leaders showed their common interest to enhance the safety of citizens, emphasizing the importance of strengthening institutions that allow consolidating the rule of law, protect human rights and improve public safety in the long term.
President Obama expressed gratitude for the participation of Peru in the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, where Peruvian peacekeeping forces participated continuously since the beginning of the mission in 2004. President Humala welcomed the support that the United States provides to Peru National Police, support including training opportunities and training for enhancing community policies.
When it came to discussing the threat posed by drug trafficking in the two countries, President Obama reaffirmed US commitment to associate with Peru to fight against the production and trafficking of illegal substances. President Humala welcomed the intention of President Obama to increment US assistance in Peru with over 20 million dollars in order to support its anti-drugs strategy implementation by the Peruvian government. The two leaders highlight joint initiatives taken to reduce cocaine production and to advance more actively in the development of alternative strategy, safe and steady in the nearby areas, highlighting successes achieved by coffee and cocoa, to investigate and bring to court the most delinquent organizations; to support the transition of Peru to a new code of criminal procedure and to ensure the strengthening of cooperation in the fight against money laundering and financial crime.
The two leaders agreed to enhance bilateral ties of defense and welcomed the process conducted in negotiations for a new and powerful Co-operation Agreement in the field of Defense between the US and Peru, which is oriented to boost a strategic relationship in order to face, in a more effective way, new challenges and threats of security such as drug trafficking, terrorism, nuclear proliferation and natural disasters.
The United States and Peru have also expressed the pleasure to sign the Agreement to initiate Mega-ports in order to start a cooperative effort intended to detect, prevent and combat illicit trafficking of nuclear material and other radioactive elements.
The two presidents expressed their mutual obligation towards the “Alliance for Open Government” as a medium to improve transparency and surrender accounts to citizens from the government, fighting corruption and citizen involvement.
Presidents Obama and Humala will hold consultations regarding these issues and other topics of mutual inters in order to associate the two nations.
Lima, June 11, 2013